Factors Affecting Inline Skating Speed
Inline Skating Speed Factors
Inline skating speed can vary greatly depending on several factors. To skate faster, it helps to have strong legs and great skating technique. Also, large-diameter wheels help to boost your speed.
Competitive inline speed skating is an exciting and challenging sport. It requires specialized equipment including boots, frames and wheels.
The frame connects your wheels to your boots and is one of the most important factors in skating speed. Frames are available in different lengths and styles, but they are usually made from either aluminum or carbon fiber.
The stiffness of the frame also affects speed and power transfer. The more a frame flexes, the less power it can transfer, so very stiff frames are favored by heavier skaters.
The 2pt (two-point) mount is the most common frame type, found on recreational inline and recreational fitness skates. These frames link to the boot with two mounting points, which are usually 165 mm apart. 3pt mounts, found on freestyle and aggressive inline skates, feature three mounting points. These work exclusively with Bont inline boots and boost stiffness, which improves power transfer. These frames are typically made from 7050 aluminum, which is heat treated and artificially aged for rigidity. This increases the frame strength and allows it to take a lot of abuse.
When you skate at a high speed, it’s not enough to just push off and let your feet glide. You need to support your weight so you don’t lose control. That’s where the boot comes in.
Inline speed (or race) boots are much lower than regular inline skate shoes and often require heat-molding for a comfortable, snug fit. They’re also stiffer to maximize power transfer. Bont’s Semi-Race skate is a good example of an inline speed skate with a racing boot.
The current world record for 20 km, 30 km and 50 km in inline speed skating was taken by Annie Lambrechts of Belgium in 1985.
Inline speed skating races are held on a variety of indoor and outdoor tracks, including ice, concrete, plastic and velodromes. Laps are measured on these oval-shaped tracks and points are awarded to the first, second and third skaters to cross the finish line at certain specified laps during a race.
Wheel size determines how fast the skate can go. Speed skaters often use bigger wheels – for example, 125mm. Larger wheels require good skating technique to be effective, but once a skater has the skills, they can go much faster than on smaller wheels.
The wheels are usually hard with a bullet like profile so only a small portion of the wheel contacts the ground at any time. The harder a wheel is the more it will last, but the hard wheels make for a rough ride and give less grip on a skating surface.
The wheel hardness is described by the durometer that is stamped on the wheel. The higher the durometer the harder the wheel. Durometer selection is usually based on the skater’s weight and the environment the skater will be skating in. Durometers below 80A are typically used for indoor inline hockey and freestyle slalom. Durometers above 80A are generally suited for fitness, speed, race and power blading.
Inline skating speed depends on a variety of factors. Some of these include the skater’s skill, the type of wheels, and the terrain. In addition, the skater’s weight and balance play a role. The best inline skaters have excellent balance and are able to maneuver quickly.
In sprint races, inline speed skaters use short strides to reach top speeds. They can achieve a top speed of around 50 kilometers per hour.
The 100-meter sprint race is a popular event in inline racing. It is a fast-paced race, and the winners are usually determined by photo finishes.
Inline speed skaters can also compete in long track events, which are longer in distance. This type of racing takes place on an oval-shaped rink called a patinodrome. This rink is typically made of concrete and measures 200 meters in length. This type of skating is popular in Europe and has become an Olympic sport. The competitions are highly tactical, and the athletes jostle for a favourable position on the tracks.